Home -› TanzaniaGeography

Online dictionary

Geography Categories


World Factbook Physical Geography Dictionary Geography Dictionary Dictionary of Cartography Cave & Karst Dictionary Glossary of water terms World Ports Directory GSM abbreviations Country Data Codes


Meteorology & Weather Dictionary Weather Dictionary Meteorology & Climatology Dictionary


Mineralogy Dictionary Minerals Dictionary
Definition Of:


Bible DictionaryWorld Factbook
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:
6 00 S, 35 00 E
Map references:
total: 945,087 sq km land: 886,037 sq km water: 59,050 sq km note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
Area - comparative:
slightly larger than twice the size of California
Land boundaries:
total: 3,861 km border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
1,424 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m
Natural resources:
hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Land use:
arable land: 4.52% permanent crops: 1.08% other: 94.4% (2001)
Irrigated land:
1,550 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought
Environment - current issues:
soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest

More about Tanzania:

  • Introduction
  • People
  • Government
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Transportation
  • Military
  • Transnational Issues

  • The World Factbook 2005, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    See also: , , , ,