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SurinamePeople

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Population:
438,144 (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 29.6% (male 66,537/female 63,182) 15-64 years: 64.2% (male 144,285/female 136,942) 65 years and over: 6.2% (male 12,092/female 15,106) (2005 est.)
Median age:
total: 26.13 years male: 25.72 years female: 26.58 years (2005 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.25% (2005 est.)
Birth rate:
18.39 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Death rate:
7.16 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Net migration rate:
-8.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 23.57 deaths/1,000 live births male: 27.57 deaths/1,000 live births female: 19.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.96 years male: 66.75 years female: 71.27 years (2005 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.34 children born/woman (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.7% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
5,200 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
less than 500 (2003 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Surinamer(s) adjective: Surinamese
Ethnic groups:
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Religions:
Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%
Languages:
Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 93% male: 95% female: 91% (1995 est.)

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  • The World Factbook 2005, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
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